ScienceDaily (Dec. 18,
2007) — Scientists have discovered what they think may be another reason
why Greenland ‘s ice is melting: a thin spot in Earth’s crust is enabling
underground magma to heat the ice.
They have found at least one “hotspot” in the northeast corner of Greenland —
just below a site where an ice stream was recently discovered.
The researchers don’t yet know how warm the hotspot is. But if it is warm
enough to melt the ice above it even a little, it could be lubricating the base
of the ice sheet and enabling the ice to slide more rapidly out to sea.
“The behavior of the great ice sheets is an important barometer of global
climate change,” said Ralph von Frese, leader of the project and a professor of
earth sciences at Ohio State University. “However, to effectively separate
and quantify human impacts on climate change, we must understand the natural
“Crustal heat flow is still one of the unknowns — and it’s a fairly
significant one, according to our preliminary results.”
Timothy Leftwich, von Frese’s former student and now a postdoctoral engineer
at the Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets at the University of Kansas,
presented the study’s early results on Thursday, December 13, 2007, at the
American Geophysical Union meeting in San Francisco.
von Frese’s team combined gravity measurements of the area taken by a Naval
Research Laboratory aircraft with airborne radar measurements taken by research
partners at the University of Kansas. The combined map revealed changes in mass
beneath the Earth’s crust, and the topography of the crust where it meets the
Below the crust is the mantle, the partially molten rocky layer that
surrounds the Earth’s core. The crust varies in thickness, but is usually tens
of miles thick. Even so, the mantle is so hot that temperatures just a few miles
deep in the crust reach hundreds of degrees Fahrenheit, von Frese explained.
“Where the crust is thicker, things are cooler, and where it’s thinner,
things are warmer. And under a big place like Greenland or Antarctica , natural
variations in the crust will make some parts of the ice sheet warmer than
others,” he said.
The ice thickness, the temperature at the base of the ice, and ground
topography all contribute to the forming of an ice stream — a river of ice that
flows within a larger ice sheet. In recent years, Greenland ice streams have
been carrying ice out to sea faster, and ice cover on the island has been
Once the ice reaches the sea, it melts, and global sea levels rise.
“The complete melting of these continental ice sheets would put much of
Florida, as well as New Orleans, New York City and other important coastal
population centers, under water,” von Frese said.
The ice sheet in northeast Greenland is especially worrisome to scientists.
It had no known ice streams until 1991, when satellites spied one for the first
time. Dubbed the Northeastern Greenland Ice Stream, it carries ice nearly 400
miles, from the deepest interior of the island out to the Greenland Sea.
“Ice streams have to have some reason for being there. And it’s pretty
surprising to suddenly see one in the middle of an ice sheet,” von Frese
The newly discovered hotspot is just below the ice stream, and could have
caused it to form, the researchers concluded. But what caused the hotspot to
“It could be that there’s a volcano down there,” he said. “But we think it’s
probably just the way the heat is being distributed by the rock topography at
the base of the ice.”
Collaborator Kees van der Veen began working on the project when he was a
visiting associate professor of geological sciences and research scientist at
Byrd Polar Research Center at Ohio State. He is now at the University of
“Recent observations indicate that the Greenland Ice Sheet is much more
active than we ever believed,” van der Veen said. “There have been rapid changes
in outlet glaciers, for example. Such behavior is critically linked to
conditions at the ice bed. Geothermal heat is an important factor, but
until now, our models have not included spatial variations in heat, such as this
“Our map is the first attempt at quantifying spatial variations in geo-heat
under Greenland — and it explains why the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream is
where it is,” van der Veen added.
To measure actual temperatures beneath the ice, scientists must drill
boreholes down to the base of the ice sheet– a mile or more below the ice
surface. The effort and expense make such measurements few and far between,
especially in remote areas of northeast Greenland.
For now, the researchers are combining theories of how heat flows through the
mantle and crust with the gravity and radar data, to understand how the hotspot
is influencing the ice.
Once they finish searching the rest of Greenland for other hotspots, they
hope to turn their attention to Antarctica.
This research was funded by the National Science Foundation.
Adapted from materials provided by Ohio State
or report? Use one of the following formats:
Earth’s Magma Contributing To Melting Of Greenland Ice. ScienceDaily.
Retrieved December 18, 2007, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2007/12/071212103004.htm
view of Greenland. Scientists have discovered what they think may be another
reason why Greenland ‘s ice is melting: a thin spot in Earth’s crust is enabling
underground magma to heat the ice. (Credit: iStockphoto/Klaas Lingbeek- van
Of Melting Ice Caps Point Directly To Global Climate Change And Sea Level
Rise (Feb. 22, 2001) — Global
climate change is having a direct impact on the Earth’s sea level and a group of
scientists led by two University of Toronto geophysicists is providing the sea
level "fingerprints" … > read
Ice Sheet Flows Faster During Summer Melting (Jun. 25, 2002) — New measurements show that the flow
of ice in the Greenland ice sheet has been accelerating since 1996 during the
summer melt season. The results suggest that the ice sheet may be responding
more … > read
Snow Melting Hit Record High In High Places, NASA Finds (Sep. 26, 2007) — A new NASA-supported study reports
that 2007 marked an overall rise in the melting trend over the entire Greenland
ice sheet and, remarkably, melting in high-altitude areas was greater than ever
at … > read
Scientists Detect Rapid Thinning Of Greenland’s Coastal Ice (Jul. 25, 2000) — Scientists who want to monitor the
state of our global climate may have to look no farther than the coastal ice
that surrounds the Earth’s largest island. A NASA study of Greenland’s ice …
Snow Melting On The Rise In Greenland (May 29, 2007) — In 2006, Greenland experienced more
days of melting snow and at higher altitudes than average over the past 18
years, according to a new NASA-funded project using satellite observations. The
… > read
Measurements Help Melt Ice Mysteries (Mar. 28, 2007) — Greenland is cold and hot. It’s a
deep freezer storing 10 percent of Earth’s ice and a subject of fevered debate.
If something should melt all that ice, global sea level could rise as much as 7
… > read
Shrinking Ice Caps (Mar. 14, 2005)
— Recent research conducted by NASA scientists has revealed that Canada’s ice
caps and glaciers have important connections to Earth’s changing climate, and
they have a strong potential for … > read
Provides New Perspectives On The Earth’s Changing Ice Sheets (Dec. 21, 2006) — It is widely documented that
climate change is causing the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to shrink. What
most do not know is that until just six years ago, we had no real way of
measuring … > read
BOCA RATON, Fla., Dec. 12 /Christian Newswire/ — Christ’s burial cloth to be preserved for future generations.
Reecy Aresty, President and CEO of Christ on the Shroud, Inc., is proud to announce the creation of the Shroud of Turin Preservation Society. Aresty expects his new website, ChristOnTheShroud.com, to generate sufficient revenues to help preserve the Shroud for future generations.
The Shroud, believed by millions to be the cloth that covered Jesus Christ’s crucified body when he was laid in his tomb, remains the most controversial and emotional ambiguity in history.
A noted collector of ancient Roman silver coins and medieval documents, Aresty is making unique and exceedingly rare photographs of this ancient relic available to all.
Interview Requests: Reecy is available for media interviews and welcomes the opportunity to share his intriguing photos and his role in the greatest story ever told.
source URL: http://www.earnedmedia.org/cotsi1212.htm
Newsletter Dec. 2007
NEW! Off Highway Vehicles Section: DesertUSA is opening a brand new Off Highway Vehicle section that will be a directory of OHV parks, trails and articles of interest to off-roaders. Check it out! More…
Terlingua Celebrates Its Past – Over two weekends in late October and early November, Ara and Spirit joined the community in celebrating Viva La Historia and Día de Los Muertos. Both events are filled with emotions, colors and sounds. More…
Pinos Altos – On May 18, 1860, three prospectors paused for a drink of water at Bear Creek, near today’s Pinos Altos. To their surprise, they found themselves staring at gold in the bottom of the cold clear stream. More…
Quartzsite – January is the month the big swap meets begin in Quartzsite. At this time of the year, 2,000 vendors of rocks, gems, minerals, fossils and everything else imaginable create one of the world’s largest open air flea markets in Quartzsite. More…
New Hope for Our National Parks – "… it is appropriate that we have a serious conversation about parks and their value to our society, and the role we want parks and the National Park Service to play "said Dwight T. Pitcaithley… More…
Recipe for a Texan Holiday Dinner – I had sworn throughout my last "Professional Thanksgiving" meal preparation that I would never again cook a Turkey! I have seen and handled too many… Pork it is this year. Being in Southern Texas, rubbing elbows with the Chilis and the Moles… More…
Shane Watts, World Enduro Champion, Helps Keep the OHV Trails Open – "As an off-road professional, I feel it is important to impart a land-use ethic to my students. Riding is a privilege and we all must do our part to keep trail opportunities available for this and future generations," states Watts. More…
2001 Roadless Rule Illegal? Recreational interests were among those present in the crowded courtroom as U.S. District Judge Clarence Brimmer presided on October 19th over… More…
Video of the Month – Oatman and the Wild Burros – Oatman is a fun place to visit — an authentic old western town with burros roaming the streets and gunfights staged on weekends. The burros are tame and can be hand fed. When my wife and I visited in January of this year, I was surprised to see five old Model T Fords out for a Sunday drive down the main street of Oatman. More…
Trip of the Month – Anza Borrego Desert State Park – Anza Borrego Desert State Park contains some of the most diverse desert landscape in the world. It includes elevations from 8,000 feet to below sea level, together with the characteristic plants and animals of these ecological zones. More…
Christmas is almost here: Need some help shopping for the perfect gifts for your family, friends and relatives? The DesertUSA Store has its virtual shelves stocked with some really unique items. You won’t find most of these products in any of your local shops. So please take a few minutes to browse through our items. We promise, you won’t be fighting any crowds in the DesertUSA store!
Give her the gift of Desert Queen – the inspired Desert Queen fragrance captures the scent of the elusive Queen of the Night cactus flower. Our special Desert Queen Gift Trio contains three of our most popular full-size products: 1.7oz Eau de Parfum Spray, 8oz. Hand & Body Lotion and 8oz. Bath & Shower Gel, packaged in an attractive bag. Specially priced at $64.95! ($75.00 if purchased separately)
|Treasure Hunting . . .|
Looking for something for the rockhound on your list? James R. Mitchell’s Gem Trail Books cover the Southwest and are available in our online book store. A good "where to go book" with lots of maps. Click here to view rock & treasure hunting books.
Experience the excitement and mystery of Geode Hunting – at home! Break-At-Home Geodes
|For Your Dog . . .|
Joint Supplement – Give your older dog or dog that has arthritis or joint problems the gift of pain-free movement. Check out Nimble, a glucosamine product for dogs. Click here for more information or to buy.
|For Your New Year’s Party|
Prickly Pear Margaritas made with Prickly Pear Cactus syrup. The syrup also makes exceptionally flavorful Wine Coolers, Spritzers, and Prickly Pear Lemonade. The Syrup comes in 7 oz.,12 oz., 23 oz. and 1 gallon containers. Click Here for more information.
|Park DVDs . . .|
State and National Park DVDs Make a Great Gift – They can plan their Spring and Summer vacations to the great parks of the American Southwest. DesertUSA has an extensive selection of park DVDs including: Arches, Big Bend, Monument Valley, Death Valley, The Grand Canyon, Carlsbad Caverns, Zion, Yellowstone, Red Rock Canyon and many more. Click here to browse our park DVDs.
Ghost Mountain DVD the story of Marshal South and his family’s adventure of living on Ghost Mountain in Anza-Borrego Desert State Park. To preview the DVD in Flash Click Here.
Anza Borrego Seasons in the Desert. General DVD about the various regions of the park, flora and fauna.
Joshua Tree NP DVD This is the tool you need to plan a trip to Joshua Tree National Park.
You can book reservations anywhere in the World from the DesertUSA Web site. So be sure to try our online reservation system for your next vacation and/or car rental. MakeReservations Now
Get ready for your visit to the desert with books, gifts and products available from the DesertUSA’s Online Store.
DesertUSA’s purpose is to provide a tool for discovery – a publication that entertains, educates and explores with our readers, the beauty, life and culture of the North American deserts. Visitors come to DesertUSA’s Web site every month to read articles, participate in the Desert Talk message board, shop in DesertUSA’s online store and explore the desert virtually.
DesertUSA encourages you to forward a copy of the Digital Desert Newsletter to friends, family and business associates who may be interested in receiving this newsletter on a monthly basis.
ZE07120305 – 2007-12-03
Needs $4.4 Million to Complete Construction
ALBA DE TORMES, Spain, DEC. 3, 2007 (Zenit.org).- The Diocese of Salamanca hopes to finish the Basilica of St. Teresa of Avila, where the incorrupt body of the mystical doctor is reserved, before the 400th anniversary of her beatification.
The basilica, located in Alba de Tormes, in the western province of Salamanca, was begun in 1898 by Bishop Tomás de Cámara y Castro of Salamanca. Teresa de Cepeda y Ahumada, born in Avila in 1515, died in Alba de Tormes in 1582.
Soon after her death, the body of Sister Teresa of Jesus was moved to Avila, but Pope Sixtus V (1521-1590) ordered her remains to be returned to Alba de Tormes in 1586. He then conferred on the bishops of Salamanca the project of building a basilica where the remains of the saint would be held.
The spiritual author and monastic reformer was beatified in 1614, and canonized in 1622. She was named a doctor of the Church in 1970; her feast day is Oct. 15.
Work on the basilica stopped in 1933, during the Second Spanish Republic, and three years before the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.
It wasn’t until 1980 that the bishops of Salamanca began to continue with the construction, in preparation for the 400th anniversary of the mystic’s death. Pope John Paul II visited the unfinished basilica in 1982 to close the yearlong celebrations.
Bishop Carlos López Hernández of Salamanca signed Nov. 8 the final push to finish construction. Because of the work in progress, visits to the basilica in Alba of Tormes have been suspended.
"It is my firm desire," said the bishop, "to pursue the construction until its finish, in the measure of our possibilities."
Two of the three phases of construction have been completed, the chapels and lateral naves. The third phase will involve the completion of the roof and the transept. A fourth phase would involve the construction of a reception center for pilgrims and an inn.
The estimated cost of the total project is €4.3 million ($6.32 million). The Diocese of Salamanca currently counts on little more than €1 million ($1.47 million), and is in need of raising more than €3 million ($4.41 million) to complete the project.
"This is the amount that with urgency, we ask from our collaborators," the promoters of the construction state on the Web page. "We also take into account that the more we delay our contract with the building constructor for the following phases, the more the budget will increase.
"We think it would be a pity to have to remove from the basilica the scaffolding and the crane, with the expense this entails, only to bring them around again.
"We have 10 months. Now is the moment to make a generous effort to conclude this work once and for all."
source URL: http://www.zenit.org/article-21182?l=english
At the same time, on a number of occasions over the past 20 years, the Lord has been directing me to nations through the divine agencies of dreams and visions to preach Revivals among the Muslims, specifically in the Holy Land, on the Arabian Peninsula, in Egypt, in the Philippines, and more recently in Iraq and Pakistan.
Since the first edition of “The Jesus Visions,” the phenomena of dreams and visions outpoured in the Middle East have increased—I would almost dare to say–exponentially.
We can hardly keep pace with reports of dreams and visions of our Lord Jesus! An article published in “Mission Frontiers” magazine reported the following, based on questionnaires completed by over 600 Muslims who had placed their faith in Jesus:
“Though dreams may play an insignificant role in the conversion decisions of most Westerners, over one-fourth of those surveyed stated quite emphatically that dreams and visions were key in drawing them to Christ and sustained them through difficult times.”
According to the dictionary, a dream is defined as “a sequence of images, passing through a sleeping person’s mind,” whereas a vision is simply a “mental image.”
A typical “Jesus dream or vision” with innumerable variations is usually described by Muslims as a peaceful face that they somehow recognize as Jesus. Often they encounter a compassionate figure in a white robe, calling them to come to Him. Sometimes His hands and arms are extended wide, or Jesus reaches toward them in love and invitation. Many dreams are preparatory experiences to encourage Muslims with the possibility of following Jesus. Other visions or dreams are “epic” experiences of such magnitude that the person knows unquestioningly that he or she is destined to walk the lonely path of faith, even martyrdom, with Jesus.
Some, but not all, of the names of the persons in this volume have been changed to protect their identities.
Why is the Lord favoring Muslims with an extraordinary move of the Holy Spirit, often preceding traditional methods of Gospel activity, and aiming straight at their hearts through dreams and visions?
Although Muslim lands have been closed to traditional Gospel preaching, it is time for the Lord to fulfill his promise to the patriarch Abraham to bless the descendants of Ishmael. While it is also the set time for the Lord to favor the descendants of Isaac and Jacob with the restoration of their homeland, he is concurrently remembering his faithful promise to the other side of Abraham’s family, the Arabs.
It is difficult to keep pace with the move of the Holy Spirit in Iraq, despite news reports that paint a bleak picture. Behind the scenes, the Lord is moving into the vacuum since Saddam’s topple with dramatic power conversions and the planting of many new churches. Iraqis are experiencing dreams and visions of Jesus!
As it is written, “I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name.” (Isaiah 65: 1) Truly the Lord Jesus is pleading with the Arabs in the night watches, “Behold me! Behold me!”
Recently in Jerusalem a young man stopped me in the market to thank me for preaching the Gospel in our open air banquets at “The Fountain.” He said, “I can trust you. I want to show you something.” He took a team member and me to a shelf where he was carefully hiding a Bible, which he stroked lovingly and kissed before hiding again. With joy shining from his face, he told us that Jesus now lives in his heart. He had read the entire Bible, including the New Testament, and could not put it down because of the power of its words. But he was tormented by fears of what would happen if he openly declared faith in Yesua al Fadi (Jesus the Savior). One night after praying fervently for three hours, he said the Holy Spirit had given him a dream. He saw a beautiful olive tree, solitary, thriving in the middle of a vast desert. The olive tree pulsated with a heart full of the brightest light he’d ever seen. Upon awakening, the man said, “I am so proud of my dream that God gave me, because it confirmed to my heart that my experience with Jesus is true.
” I said, “Can I offer an interpretation of your dream?”
“Yes, please I am waiting to hear!” the young Arab man beamed.
The CCEL Times 2.12 (December 3, 2007)
To view this newsletter on the Web, go to http://www.ccel.org/newsletter/2/12
In This Issue:
From the Director
Last month I asked for you to suggest books that "brought you into the presence of God." There were many nice posts on the discussion forum–and hundreds of books were suggested by e-mail. Readers wrote of books that "touched them spiritually," "really made an impact on their day-to-day life," "ignite and inflame their desire for unity with God," "brought them into intimacy with God," have "greatly stirred their soul," "had the most profound impact on their life," and on and on. A great variety of books was suggested, and some of them were mentioned again and again. These books really do make a difference in people’s lives, through the action of the Holy Spirit. What we are doing here really does serve Christ’s church. In some sense this is ‘holy ground,’ and I feel as though I should take my shoes off.
Some of the books that received multiple recommendations include works by CS Lewis, John of the Cross, and Thomas Merton. Also with multiple recommendations were The Normal Christian Life by Watchman Nee, Introduction to the Devout Life by Francis de Sales, Imitation of Christ by Thomas a Kempis, and John Foxe’s Book of Martyrs. But the surprise winner (to me, anyway) was Brother Lawrence’s The Practice of the Presence of God.
Support the CCEL
If books on the CCEL have been useful for you, or if you would like to support the CCEL in its mission of making these books available around the world and promoting their use, there are a number of ways you can help. You can make an end-of-year tax-deductible donation, become a CCEL subscriber, purchase a CCEL CD (as a Christmas gift?), or purchase a Logos CD through the CCEL (we have the best prices!). You can also sponsor a student for an internship here at the CCEL. If you would like to hear more about the opportunity of supporting a named internship for a student to work for the CCEL this summer, please contact Nyna Sykes.
Studying Early Christianity
I am a fourth-year University of Waterloo student in Ontario, Canada. It has always been a struggle to find primary documents for my research papers, especially when the topic is on early church. This year I dove into early Irish history and ended up with St. Patrick on the mind, and finding your site and being able to access his "Confession" was wonderful. Thank you very much for opening the wealth of knowledge up for myself and students alike. I will be sure to tell my friends about the site.
How have you used the CCEL to deepen your research, discover new voices, and enliven your faith? Submit a usage testimonial.
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Story of a Soul (l’Histoire d’une Ame): The Autobiography of St. Therese of Lisieux
Read this classic at the CCEL
Free Christmas Gift Wrap
The CCEL CDs make wonderful Christmas gifts—demonstrating caring and warmth. They are the perfect gift for your pastor, Bible study leader, favorite student or friend. In the CCEL store, you can find Christian searchable text CDs, Bible study software and Christian audio books ranging from $5 to $500.
Through December 14, 2007, the CCEL is offering free Christmas gift wrapping of all CDs purchased. Simply add the free gift wrap product to your CCEL shopping cart and your CD(s) will arrive on your doorstep individually wrapped for Christmas.
Classic Reflections on the Incarnation
Read this classic at the CCEL.
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