Coptic priest Zakaria Botros fights fire with

By Raymond

Though he is little known in
the West, Coptic priest Zakaria Botros — named Islam’s “Public Enemy #1”
by the Arabic newspaper, al-Insan al-Jadid — has been making
waves in the Islamic world. Along with fellow missionaries — mostly Muslim
converts — he appears frequently on the Arabic channel al-Hayat
(i.e., “Life TV”). There, he addresses controversial topics of
theological significance — free from the censorship imposed by Islamic
authorities or self-imposed through fear of the zealous mobs who
fulminated against the infamous cartoons of Mohammed. Botros’s excurses on
little-known but embarrassing aspects of Islamic law and tradition have
become a thorn in the side of Islamic leaders throughout the Middle

Botros is an unusual figure onscreen: robed, with a huge
cross around his neck, he sits with both the Koran and the Bible in easy
reach. Egypt’s Copts — members of one of the oldest Christian communities
in the Middle East — have in many respects come to personify the demeaning
Islamic institution of “dhimmitude” (which demands submissiveness from
non-Muslims, in accordance with Koran 9:29). But the fiery Botros does not
submit, and minces no words. He has famously made of Islam “ten demands,” whose radical nature he uses to
highlight Islam’s own radical demands on

The result? Mass conversions to Christianity — if clandestine ones. The
very public conversion of high-profile Italian journalist Magdi Allam — who was
baptized by Pope Benedict in Rome on Saturday — is only the tip of the iceberg.
Indeed, Islamic cleric Ahmad al-Qatani stated on al-Jazeera TV a while
back that some six million Muslims convert to Christianity annually,
many of them persuaded by Botros’s public ministry. More
recently, al-Jazeera noted Life TV’s “unprecedented evangelical raid”
on the Muslim world. Several factors account for the Botros phenomenon.

First, the new media — particularly satellite TV and the Internet (the
main conduits for Life TV) — have made it possible for questions about Islam to
be made public without fear of reprisal. It is unprecedented to hear Muslims
from around the Islamic world — even from Saudi Arabia, where imported Bibles
are confiscated and burned — call into the show to argue with Botros and his
colleagues, and sometimes, to accept Christ.

Secondly, Botros’s
broadcasts are in Arabic — the language of some 200 million people, most of them
Muslim. While several Western writers have published persuasive critiques of
Islam, their arguments go largely unnoticed in the Islamic world. Botros’s
mastery of classical Arabic not only allows him to reach a broader audience, it
enables him to delve deeply into the voluminous Arabic literature — much of it
untapped by Western writers who rely on translations — and so report to the
average Muslim on the discrepancies and affronts to moral common sense found
within this vast corpus.

A third reason for Botros’s success is that his
polemical technique has proven irrefutable. Each of his
episodes has a theme — from the pressing to the esoteric — often expressed as a
question (e.g., “Is jihad an obligation for all Muslims?”; “Are women inferior
to men in Islam?”; “Did Mohammed say that adulterous female monkeys should be
stoned?” “Is drinking the urine of prophets salutary according to sharia?”). To
answer the question, Botros meticulously quotes — always careful to give sources
and reference numbers — from authoritative Islamic texts on the subject,
starting from the Koran; then from the canonical sayings of the prophet — the
Hadith; and finally from the words of prominent Muslim theologians past
and present — the illustrious ulema.

Typically, Botros’s
presentation of the Islamic material is sufficiently detailed that the
controversial topic is shown to be an airtight aspect of Islam. Yet, however
convincing his proofs, Botros does not flatly conclude that, say, universal
jihad or female inferiority are basic tenets of Islam. He treats the question as
still open — and humbly invites the ulema, the revered articulators of sharia
law, to respond and show the error in his methodology. He does demand, however,
that their response be based on “al-dalil we al-burhan,” — “evidence
and proof,” one of his frequent refrains — not shout-downs or

More often than not, the response from the ulema is deafening
silence — which has only made Botros and Life TV more enticing to Muslim
viewers. The ulema who have publicly addressed Botros’s conclusions
often find themselves forced to agree with him — which has led to some amusing
(and embarrassing) moments on live Arabic TV.

Botros spent three years bringing to broad public attention a scandalous —
and authentic — hadith stating that women should “breastfeed” strange men with
whom they must spend any amount of time. A leading hadith scholar, Abd al-Muhdi,
was confronted with this issue on the live talk show of popular Arabic host Hala
Sirhan. Opting to be truthful, al-Muhdi confirmed that going through the motions
of breastfeeding adult males is, according to sharia, a legitimate way of making
married women “forbidden” to the men with whom they are forced into contact —
the logic being that, by being “breastfed,” the men become like “sons” to the
women and therefore can no longer have sexual designs on them.

To make
matters worse, Ezzat Atiyya, head of the Hadith department at al-Azhar
University — Sunni Islam’s most authoritative institution — went so far as to
issue a fatwa legitimatizing “Rida’ al-Kibir” (sharia’s term for
“breastfeeding the adult”), which prompted such outrage in the Islamic world
that it was subsequently recanted.

Botros played the key role in exposing this obscure and embarrassing issue
and forcing the ulema to respond. Another guest on Hala Sirhan’s show, Abd
al-Fatah, slyly indicated that the entire controversy was instigated by Botros:
“I know you all [fellow panelists] watch that channel and that
priest and that none of you [pointing at Abd al-Muhdi] can ever respond
to him, since he always documents his sources!”

Incapable of rebutting
Botros, the only strategy left to the ulema (aside from a rumored $5-million
bounty on his head) is to ignore him. When his name is brought up, they dismiss
him as a troublemaking liar who is backed by — who else? — international
“Jewry.” They could easily refute his points, they insist, but will not deign to
do so. That strategy may satisfy some Muslims, but others are demanding
straightforward responses from the ulema.

The most dramatic example of this occurred on another
famous show on the international station, Iqra. The host, Basma — a
conservative Muslim woman in full hijab — asked two prominent ulema, including
Sheikh Gamal Qutb, one-time grand mufti of al-Azhar University, to explain the
legality of the Koranic verse (4:24) that permits men to freely copulate with
captive women. She repeatedly asked: “According to sharia, is slave-sex still
applicable?” The two ulema would give no clear answer — dissembling here, going
off on tangents there. Basma remained adamant: Muslim youth were confused, and
needed a response, since “there is a certain channel and a
certain man who has discussed this issue over twenty times and has
received no response from you.”

The flustered Sheikh Qutb roared,
“low-life people like that must be totally ignored!” and stormed off the set. He
later returned, but refused to admit that Islam indeed permits sex-slaves,
spending his time attacking Botros instead. When Basma said “Ninety percent of
Muslims, including myself, do not understand the issue of concubinage in Islam
and are having a hard time swallowing it,” the sheikh responded, “You don’t need
to understand.” As for Muslims who watch and are influenced by Botros, he
barked, “Too bad for them! If my son is sick and chooses to visit a mechanic,
not a doctor — that’s his problem!”

But the ultimate reason for
Botros’s success is that — unlike his Western counterparts who criticize Islam
from a political standpoint — his primary interest is the salvation of souls. He
often begins and concludes his programs by stating that he loves all Muslims as
fellow humans and wants to steer them away from falsehood to Truth. To that end,
he doesn’t just expose troubling aspects of Islam. Before concluding every
program, he quotes pertinent biblical verses and invites all his viewers to come
to Christ.

Botros’s motive is not to incite the West against Islam,
promote “Israeli interests,” or “demonize” Muslims, but to draw Muslims away
from the dead legalism of sharia to the spirituality of Christianity. Many
Western critics fail to appreciate that, to disempower radical Islam, something
theocentric and spiritually satisfying — not secularism, democracy, capitalism,
materialism, feminism, etc. — must be offered in its place. The truths
of one religion can only be challenged and supplanted by the truths of another.
And so Father Zakaria Botros has been fighting fire with fire.

Raymond Ibrahim is editor of
The Al Qaeda Reader.

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