By BRADLEY BROOKS, Associated Press Writer
Bradley Brooks, Associated Press Writer – Tue Apr 13,
1:40 am ET
RIO DE JANEIRO – A Brazilian rancher accused of
ordering the murder of U.S.
nun and Amazon defender Dorothy Stang was
found guilty and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
Jurors in the jungle city of Belem
reached the decision late Monday after 15 hours of deliberations, according to
a statement on the Web site of a Para state
The case was seen as a test of Brazil’s ability to battle the near
absolute impunity that reigns in the largely lawless Amazon region —
whether it be the murder of activists or halting
In the last two decades, more than 1,200 people have been killed
in land conflicts across Brazil, mostly in the
Amazon region, according to the Catholic Land Pastoral, a watchdog group that
tracks rural violence in Latin America’s
Prosecutors said Vitalmiro Moura ordered the 73-year-old Stang’s
killing in 2005 because she blocked him and another rancher from taking over
land the government gave to farmers.
His guilty verdict makes him the only so-called
"mastermind" behind the killing of such activists, landless farmers
and others defending the rights of the poor in the Amazon, to be imprisoned for
the crimes, the Catholic Land Pastoral said.
About 80 of the gunmen who prosecutors say were paid by powerful
ranchers to carry out the slayings are behind bars.
Stang was a Dayton, Ohio,
native who worked for three decades to preserve the rain forest and defend poor settlers’ land rights.
"We’ve waited so long for this verdict," said nun Rebeca Spires, who has worked in Brazil for four decades and knew Stang for 35 years. "This conviction sends a strong
message to the other masterminds that the impunity is ending."
Spires said it was a milestone victory for
environmental and other activist groups in the Amazon. Because there is an
"endless supply" of gunmen available for hire, it will take
convicting the rich ranchers who are behind the killings to end the violence,
Moura was previously convicted of Stang’s murder and then acquitted in an automatic retrial.
That decision was overturned last year on a technicality, however.
Confessed gunman Rayfran das Neves Sales is serving a 28-year sentence for the crime.
Regivaldo Galvao, the
other rancher prosecutors say helped orchestrate Stang’s
murder, is scheduled to face trial at the end of this month.