Almanac Companion Newsletter
November 9, 2010

Indian Summer

And the dead leaves lie huddled and still,
No longer blown hither and thither;
The last lone aster is gone;
The flowers of the witch-hazel wither.
Robert Frost (1874–1963)


Indian Summer—November 11
St. Martin’s Day, November 11, is considered the beginning of Indian summer, a period of warm weather following a cold spell or hard frost.

Although there are differing dates for Indian summer, for more than 200 years The Old Farmer’s Almanac has adhered to the saying “If All Saints’ (November 1) brings out winter, St. Martin’s brings out Indian summer.” Indian summer can occur between St. Martin’s Day and November 20.

If we don’t have a spell of fine weather during that time, there’s no Indian summer. As for the origin of the term, some say that it comes from the early Native Americans, who believed that the condition was caused by a warm wind sent from the court of their southwestern god, Cautantowwit.

Read more about Indian summer: What, Why, and When.

If the geese on St. Martin’s Day stand on ice, they will walk in mud at Christmas.

Quick Clicks

• This Indian Summer Applesauce has a wonderful, homey aroma.
• Going to the beach? Don’t forget our Tide Predictions Calculator.
• It’s the crescent Moon! Enjoy our free article from the 2011 Almanac!


American traditions prevail in November with the arrival of cranberries, a native food with a long history. Try these recipes:

Decorate your front door, too! See How to Make a Cranberry Wreath.

Essay Contest

Every year, The Old Farmer’s Almanac holds an essay contest with cash prizes. See the 2011 topic and enter!