Space Will Make You Cranky and Euphoric
March 29, 2011 10:35:39 AM
Can space change your mind? (PNC/PhotoDisc/Getty Images)
Think you have what it takes to endure a five-month stay in orbit? Be prepared to go through some psychological changes. According to nearly a decade of Russian observations and a 1993 report on human adaptation to long-duration space flight, it all breaks down like this:
Stage One: Welcome to microgravity! You’ll spend the first phase of your journey adjusting to a cramped environment, an upset stomach, headaches and space motion sickness. According to NASA’s Johnson Space Center, you’ll also experience a 26 percent drop in sleep efficiency, with greatly reduced REM (rapid eye movement) time. In other words, you may experience dream deprivation. Expect to feel uncomfortable and sluggish with your work. Luckily for you, most space flights keep some seriously effective medications on hand to wake you up in the “morning” and put you down at “night.”*
Stage Two: According to “Space Psychology and Psychiatry” by Nick Kansas, you’ll probably hit your stride about six weeks into the mission. For up to an estimated six additional weeks, you’ll experience “complete adaptation.” Enjoy it while it lasts.
Stage Three: Sometime between week six and week 12, you can expect things to get a little moody aboard the old space station. Russian observations found that a number of the symptoms were linked to boredom and isolation. You become hypertensive, irritable and less motivated. Expect to fly off the handle whenever a crew member drifts into your personal space or borrows your iPod without asking. You can also expect increased sensitivity to loud noises, changes in musical preferences, exhaustion, sleep disturbances and loss of appetite. It should come as no surprise that this sometimes results in an “accusation of negative personality traits.”
Stage Four: Finally, toward the very end of your stay in orbit, you can expect to experience “excitation, agitation and lack of self control.” It’s sort of a culmination of stage three, with the added anticipation of finally returning to Earth. But then there’s one final possible symptom: prevailing feelings of euphoria.
Yep, space euphoria at long last. If you saw the 2007 Danny Boyle film “Sunshine,” you witnessed a depiction of this. According to this ESA/NASA report, these euphoric feelings often involve “new insights into the meaning of life and the unity of mankind.” Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell described this sensation as “the overview effect,” which Discovery News’ Ian O’Neill explains here:
“He described the sensation gave him a profound sense of connectedness, with a feeling of bliss and timelessness. He was overwhelmed by the experience. He became profoundly aware that each and every atom in the Universe was connected in some way, and on seeing Earth from space he had an understanding that all the humans, animals and systems were a part of the same thing, a synergistic whole. It was an interconnected euphoria.”