800th Anniversary, Bill of Rights, Castle, Cofre, Dark Ages, Declaration of Independence, Dungeon, England, Gateway Ancestors, genealogy, Great Britain, King John, Magna Carta, Magna Carta Surety Barons, Matilda de Saint Valery, Maud, Medieval, Murder, Plantagenet, St. Valerie, Starvation, WikiTree
That is all there were ~ twenty-five Barons who stood against King John and his greediness and bloodthirstiness, and together they made an oath to enforce Magna Carta. That is why they are called the Surety Barons of Magna Carta.
But as always, the modern egocentric’s question is, “Who are these people, and what do they mean to me?” But the correct response is the holistic, “What is the purpose of Magna Carta?”
Though I am a member of the Magna Carta Project, at WikiTree that doesn’t mean I have all the answers, by any means. Even I had questions when I first became involved with the project. In my study of the Magna Carta and the Barons, I became intrigued by the story of Maud (Matilda) de St. Valerie, who was starved to death in a dungeon, together with her eldest grown son, because King John had learned of her remarks against him. Remarks mind you – not even deeds. There was a very great need for the law to cover not only the peasants, gentry, and Barons, but the King as well.
According to the Magna Carta Project at WikiTree.com:
“The purpose of the Magna Carta was to curb the King (John) and make him govern by the old English laws that had prevailed before the Norman came. The Magna Carta was a collection of 37 English laws – some copied, some remembered, some old, and some new.”
There are specific issues addressed in the Magna Carta as to freedoms for the Church to remain free from royal interference, especially in the matter of election of bishops; no taxes except fuedal dues , and anything over and above that must have consent of the Great Council or Parliament. Everyone was to be afforded due process and trial by jury, and weights and measures were to be standardized “throughout the realm.”
“AND WHY IS THIS?” YOU MAY ASK
King John in 1205 quarreled with then Pope Innocent III about who should be Archbishop of Canterbury. King John would not allow the Pope’s representative to set foot in England, and for this the King was excommunicated. This was a bit harsh, even for King John, and he later made amends. However, the Pope continued to demand money of the King and his people. But King John’s answer, in order to pay these and other demands, was to levy taxes that were exorbitant , and extortionate . His reprisals against defaulters were ruthless and his idea of justice was avaricious .
One of King John’s acts to regain lost lands of Aquitaine, Poitou and Anjou was to tax the Barons. A bitter quarrel broke out over the methods used to levy those taxes. It was then the Barons realized other ways had to be considered in order to curb the King and to force him to govern his people by the old ways, the “old English laws” that were in place prior to 1066 .
When all else failed, the Barons went to war against King John, and captured London in May 1215. By June of that year they took King John by surprise at Windsor and forced him to a meeting at Runnymede. King John signed and sealed the Magna Carta on June 10, 1215. The Barons signed their own agreement to enforce it.
And then… King John waged war against the Barons…
In the Next edition of the
Magna Carta Project here at the Ginger Jar:
“Who are the Magna Carta Gateway Ancestors?”
• Encarta Dictionary: English (North America). Released: 05/16/2013; Accessed 18 September 2014. Source URL: http://www.fileheap.com/dbquery/1/encarta+dictionary+english+north+america
• The Magna Carta Project. @WikiTree.com. Source URL http://www.wikitree.com/
• Maud (Matilda) de Braose. @Wikipedia. Accessed 30 January 2015.
• Maud de Saint Valery. Find a Grave. Accessed January 30, 2015. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=86930058
Site of Interest: Official Website for the 800th Anniversary of Magna Carta http://magnacarta800th.com/
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What are the other names for Scallions?
A scallion (spring onion in Britain) is one of various Allium species, all of which have hollow green leaves (like the common onion), but which lack a fully developed root bulb. It has a relatively mild onion flavor, and is used as a vegetable, either raw or cooked. Many other names are used, including green onion, spring onion, salad onion, table onion, green shallot, onion stick, long onion, baby onion, precious onion, yard onion, gibbon, syboe or scally onion. The words scallion and shallot are related and can be traced back to the Greek ασκολόνιον (‘askolonion’)
“What is the difference between scallions, chives and green onions?”
A scallion (UK: Spring Onion) is one of various Allium species, all of which have hollow green leaves (like the common onion), but which lack a fully developed root bulb. It has a relatively mild onion flavor, and is used as a vegetable, either raw or cooked. Many other names are used, including green onion, spring onion, salad onion, table onion, green shallot, onion stick, long onion, baby onion, precious onion, yard onion, gibbon, syboe or scally onion.
The words scallion and shallot are related and can be traced back to the Greek askolonion as described by the Greek writer Theophrastus. This name, in turn, seems to originate from the name of the town of Ashkelon. The plant itself apparently came from farther east of Europe.
Germinating scallions, 10 days old
The Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum) does not form bulbs even when mature, and is grown in the West almost exclusively as a scallion or salad onion, although in Asia this species is of primary importance and used both fresh and in cooking. “Scallion” is also used for young plants of the common onion (A. cepa var. cepa) and shallot (A. cepa var. aggregatum, formerly A. ascalonicum), harvested before bulbs form, or sometimes when slight bulbing has occurred. Most of the cultivars grown in the West primarily as salad onions or scallions belong to A. cepa var. cepa. Other species sometimes used as scallions include A. ×proliferum and A. ×wakegi.
Species and cultivars which may be called “scallions” include:
* Allium cepa
* “White Lisbon”
* “White Lisbon Winter Hardy” – an extra-hardy variety for overwintering
* Allium chinense
* Allium fistulosum
* A. ×proliferum
* Allium ×wakegi
Harvested for their taste, they are milder than most onions. They may be cooked or used raw as a part of salads, salsas, or Asian recipes. Diced scallions are used in soup, noodle and seafood dishes, as well as sandwiches, curries or as part of a stir fry. In many Eastern sauces, the bottom half-centimetre (quarter-inch) of scallion roots is commonly removed before use.
In Mexico and the Southwest United States, cebollitas are scallions that are sprinkled with salt and grilled whole for cheese and rice . Topped with lime juice, they typically serve as a traditional accompaniment to asado dishes.
In Catalan cuisine, calçot is a variety of green onion traditionally eaten in a calçotada (plural: calçotades). A popular gastronomic event of the same name is held between the end of winter and early spring, where calçots are grilled, dipped in salvitxada or romesco sauce, and consumed in massive quantities.
In Vietnam, Welsh onion is important to prepare dưa hành (fermented onions) which is served for Tết, the Vietnamese New Year. A kind of sauce, mỡ hành (Welsh onion fried in oil), is used in dishes such as cơm tấm, bánh ít, cà tím nướng, and others. Welsh onion is the main ingredient in the dish cháo hành, which is a rice porridge dish to treat the common cold.
In India it is eaten as an appetizer (raw) with main meals. In north India Coriander, Mint and Green Onion Chutney is made using Scallions (raw).
In southern Philippines, it is ground in a mortar along with some ginger and chili pepper to make a native condiment called wet palapa, which can be used to spice up dishes, or topped in fried or sun dried food. It could also be used to make the dry version of palapa, which is stir fried fresh coconut shavings and wet palapa.
During the Passover meal (Seder), Persian Jews lightly and playfully strike family members with scallions when the Hebrew word dayenu is read, symbolizing the whips endured by the Israelites under the ancient Egyptians.
Scallions have various common names throughout the world. In some countries, green onions are mistakenly called shallots by non-gardeners, and shallots are referred to by alternative names such as eschallot or eschalotte.
* Arabic: Known in the Arab-speaking countries as “بصل أخضر” (green onion).
* Australia: The common name is “spring onion”.
* Austria and Germany: Known as Frühlingszwiebel, which means “spring onion”.
* Belgium: Known as sjalotjes.
* Brazil: Known as cebolinha.
* Canada: Known as green onion.
* Caribbean: Often referred to as “chives”.
* China: The common name is cōng (葱); xiǎocōng (小葱) is another term for spring onions.
* Denmark: Known as “forårsløg”
* Greece: Known as “φρέσκο κρεμμυδάκι”
* Iceland: Known as vorlaukur.
* India: They may be referred to as “spring onions”.
* Indonesia and Malaysia: Known as daun bawang.
* Iran: Known as پیازچه.
* Ireland: The term “scallions” is commonly used.
* Japan: Known as negi (葱 / ねぎ) in Japanese.
* Korea: Known as pa (파).
* Netherlands: Known as bosuitjes, which literally translates as “forest onions”, or lenteuitjes, which translates as “spring onions”.
* New Zealand: The common name is “spring onion”.
* Peru: The common name is cebolla china which means “Chinese onion” in Spanish.
* Philippines: Known as sibuyas. Same as onion.
* Serbia: Known as mladi luk, which means “baby onion”.
* Sweden: Known as salladslök or vårlök.
* United Kingdom and some Commonwealth countries, including Singapore: The most common name is “spring onion”. In Northern Ireland, the name scallion is preferred; in Scotland they are known as “spring onion”, and also occasionally in Scots as cibies HYPERLINK “http://www.ask.com/wiki/Scallion” \l “cite_note-Findlay-10″  or sibies, from the French syboe.
* United States: Known as “scallion” or “green onion”. The term “green onion” is also used in reference to immature specimens of the ordinary onion (Allium cepa) harvested in the spring, and the term “spring onion” refers exclusively to this onion in the United States.
* Wales: Also known as “gibbon” /ˈdʒɪbən/. Known in South Wales as shibwns.
* Allium tricoccum
References & Notes:
1. Allium Crop Science: recent advances at Google Books, last retrieved 2007-03-31
2. Not available
3. Not available
4. Not available
5. Cebollitas, last retrieved 2012-09-01.
6. At the Nation’s Table: Chicagoat New York Times Archives, last retrieved 2012-09-01.
7. Els “Calçots”
8. Grilled Green Onions with Romesco, last retrieved 2012-09-01.
9. “An Iranian Seder in Beverly Hills”. The New York Times.
10. a b Breanne Findlay. The Celtic Diet: Let History Shape Your Future. Trafford Publishing, 2012. p. 41. ISBN 9781466963573
11. Gary Hunter, Terry Tinton, and Patrick Carey. Professional Chef – Level 3 – S/Nvq. Cengage Learning EMEA, 2008. ISBN 9781844805310
The content on this page originates from Wikipedia and is licensed under the GNU Free Document License or the Creative Commons CC-BY-SA license.
Source URL: http://www.ask.com/wiki/Scallion
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Here is a beautiful number with which to welcome Fall!
By Lynden Raber Castle Rodriguez
I thought I might spend a little time writing about the upcoming 800th Anniversary of the Magna Carta. This is a huge project, so I think I will explore this celebration over several articles in coming issues.
I have been working for some time on the Magna Carta Project on WikiTree. Wikitree is a free collaborative worldwide family tree; and one of its efforts has been to take on the task of identifying the website profiles of the Magna Carta Surety Barons and the Gateway Ancestors that ultimately came to the American colonies.
In the process of working with this project, I have discovered a few things about myself: 1) I am fairly good at genealogy research; 2) My HTML skills are approaching advanced; 3) This is exactly the sort of project I had been searching for since finishing college.
Although the general deadline is set for June 2015, I am experiencing the same feelings I had when working on a challenging paper in college (Yes, I’m a geek, and I love to write!). I love the challenge of researching the Magna Carta Surety Barons and the Gateway Ancestors that arrived on the shores of what would come to be known as the United States of America.
It started with the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock, the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Virginia Colony, and all the other colonies that come to form the Thirteen Colonies that would one day rise up against the British Empire and begin to create a new and experimental Democracy. It is hard to imagine that this might not have happened at all, had it not been for the Magna Carta and the Magna Carta Surety Barons.
During my research on the Magna Carta Surety Barons and their descendants, I began to realize this was a work of greater magnitude than I had anticipated. One of the things I soon discovered was that I am also a descendant of the Magna Carta Barons, and that there are many living today in the United States today that also descend from them…but don’t realize it.
In the coming months, I will also beginning writing about some of the following projects at WikiTree, to name a few:
The following article is reflective of society’s growing attitude that the homeless should not be seen, and not fed. This is also reflective of communities that do not have a feeding program in place and do not care to begin one. In doing so, they think the problem of homelessness will go away.
“It’s really a conundrum because we have to look out for everyone, not just one segment of population.”
By Bill Briggs
First published May 23 2014, 11:25 AM
More American cities are blocking individuals and ministries from feeding homeless people in parks and public squares, and several Americans have been ticketed for offering such charity, according to a forthcoming report by the National Coalition for the Homeless.
To date, 33 cities have adopted or are considering such food–sharing restrictions, according to the coalition, which shared with NBC News a draft of its soon-to-be published study.
Police in at least four municipalities – Raleigh, N.C.; Myrtle Beach, S.C.; Birmingham, Ala.; and Daytona Beach, Fla. – have recently fined, removed or threatened to jail private groups that offered meals to the homeless instead of letting government-run service agencies care for those in need, the advocacy group reports.
“Homeless people are visible in downtown America. And cities think by cutting off the food source it will make the homeless go away. It doesn’t, of course,” said Michael Stoops, director of community organizing for the National Coalition for the Homeless, based in Washington, D.C.
“We want to get cities to quit doing this,” Stoops said. “We support the right of all people to share food.”
NBC News has chronicled the legal battle waged by a Florida couple, Debbie and Chico Jimenez, who had cooked and served hot meals to homeless people each Wednesday for the past year at a Daytona Beach park. The couple and four friends were cited by police and collectively fined by more than $2,000 for violating a local ordinance that prohibits such public feedings. The ticketed six refused to pay. On Wednesday, Daytona Beach police opted to dismiss the fines.
“The reason these laws are growing across the country is that not enough people are standing up for their God-given rights,” Chico Jimenez said. “And we have a right. We can feed anybody without the law stepping in.”
Daytona Beach offers a clear view of this muddy issue – two sides, two distinct arguments. Jimenez asserts citizens have the authority, if not an obligation, to provide an occasional, nutritious meal to folks in need, and that everyone should share the parks. Daytona Beach leaders argue that the couple’s work worsens homelessness by coaxing impoverished people away from centralized, city-run programs, and they complain that during the couple’s feedings some homeless people mistreated the park and frightened other patrons.
In January, Volusia County (home of Daytona Beach) contracted with Robert Marbut, a national homeless consultant, to assess that city’s problems and suggest solutions – as he’s done in some 60 other towns, according to his website, including St. Petersburg, Fla., Fresno, Calif., and Fort Smith, Ark. He bills each community about $5,900 for his analysis and ideas, he said.
“You’re never going to get anywhere arresting priests, pastors and imams in the street.”
Marbut advised the Volusia County Council that centralized, 24/7 programs that treat the three root causes of homelessness – a lack of jobs, mental illnesses and chronic substance abuse – have been shown to reduce local homeless populations by 80 percent.
But Marbut does not favor any ordinances that criminalize helping the homelesses, he said. (Daytona Beach passed its anti-feeding law before the Jimenezes were fined).
“I prefer changing a community’s culture through a dialogue,” said Marbut, who is based in San Antonio, Texas. “You’re never going to get anywhere arresting priests, pastors and imams in the street.”
But he also cringes at the notion of lone ministries independently launching food-sharing programs without coordinating with other churches or with local charity agencies, he said.
“Give me a name of one person who got a job because they were fed. Feeding alone, or giving out clothing or camping equipment, does not address the core issues of being homeless,” Marbut said. “You don’t graduate from the street because you ate a Big Mac tonight.”
In the Bay Area city of Hayward, Calif., officials enacted a homeless-feeding ordinance in February that carries some of those gentle nuances – a nod that this is hardly a black-and-white problem.
People or groups seeking to feed the homeless in Hayward first must obtain a health department permit to show their fare is safely prepared and served. After that, they can apply for a food-sharing permit. But those individuals still are restricted as to the number of times in a week or a month that they can provide free food at the same location on a public property.
“We found the food sharing itself was not necessarily the issue but there was a host of ancillary behaviors when people gathered after the food sharing,” said Kelly McAdoo, assistant city manager in Hayward. “They would drink heavily, use the public park as a restroom facility, and people would get in fights. Other people would feel intimidated, wouldn’t fee comfortable coming to these parks.”
The idea isn’t to ban outdoor feeding, she said, but to regulate it so that there are clear boundaries on bad acts.
“It’s really a conundrum because we have to look out for everyone, not just one segment of population. Most of us got into local government to help people. We are compassionate,” McAdoo said.
“But it’s a touchy subject. The United States is a very wealthy country and to not provide for those who are less fortunate is something about which a lot of people feel very passionate.”
First published May 23 2014, 11:25 AM